Tuesday, June 25 • 13:00 - 14:30
Coastal landscapes and childhood(s) transition accross three generations and four countries. (1)

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Chaired by: Kjørholt, A.

Coastal landscapes and childhood(s)in transition across three generations and four countries (1)
Anne Trine Kjørholt
Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

Contemporary coastal childhoods are connected to growing up in societies characterized by rapid transition with regard to economies and working life, livelihood, identity formation and intergenerational relations. Knowledge and skills, transmitted from one generation to the next through practices in everyday life is to a great extent replaced by schooling as the valued form of education. Thus, we witness shifting and competing forms of knowledge production over time. There is a danger of both deskilling, and of a devaluation of life-skills, practical, and environmental local knowledge that is of vital importance to maintain and further develop sustainable livelihoods in different coastal communities. Furthermore, children and young people’s lives are affected byincreasing individualisationWhile children some decades ago were brought up to be of use for their families and communities, they are today brought up to ‘be themselves’. Many of the contemporary coastal societies are ethnically diverse, arising questions of inclusion, exclusion and (dis)connectedness. These and other changes have wide-ranging implications for present everyday life and future development of sustainable coastal societies. In this panel we explore coastal landscapes and childhood(s)in transition across three generations and five countries. All the participants are part of the interdisciplinary research project; Valuing the past, sustaining the future. Education, knowledge and identity across three generations in coastal communities, at NTNU, funded by Research Council Norway.

This panel is part of a series of 2 sessions. It includes:
1. Paper presentations: 7 paper presentations+1 discussant
2. A round table entitled: Coastal childhoods in a comparative perspective. Young peoples’ experiences and perspectives. Presentation and dialogue among researchers from 4 countries (60 min).

-  Place for Learning? A three generational perspective on formal education, identity and change in small coastal communities of Ireland. 
Aoife Crummy & Dympna Devine

For the first time in history, more of the world’s population are now located in urban rather than rural places. Ireland aligns with this global trend seeing over 60% of its population now living in urban and peri-urban zones. Global rural landscapes have re-structured from productionist to consumptivist sites of multifunctionaliy, with impacts moving beyond the local and national container. With 40% of the Irish populace living within only 5km of the coast, small coastal communities traditionally reliant on maritime and agricultural forms of labour have experienced major socio-economic and cultural transitions. Focusing on children and youth, what kind of career opportunities are made available for young people within these coastal communities and what is the role of the Irish education system in facilitating this? By providing children and young people with the ‘best’ opportunities are we ultimately bestowing on them the credentials needed to take flight elsewhere? Prompted by studies carried in Atlantic Canada, this paper explores the links between formal education and outward migration patterns of youth in coastal communities. Locating the study within both time and space, it draws on data from two Irish field-sites, capturing the changing educational experience and values over three generations.

-  The sea, the boat and the fish. The shifting landscape of childhood and knowledge in a Norwegian coastal community
Anne Trine Kjørholt

Growing up in a Norwegian coastal town in the 19th century. Work and intergenerational relations. The paper is about how young boys growing up in a coastal town in Norway in the 19th century learned skills and became sailors aboard on a ship at a very young age. Young boys hired aboard together with their fathers. Practical knowledge was transfered from the one generation to the next.

-  “I want to be a fisherman". Learning from the past, imagining the future. Observations from a viable fishing community in North Norway
Harald B Broch

In this presentation focus is on a Norwegian fishing community where the recruitment to the coastal fisheries still is good. What does this take, How do the young fishermen explain their choice of profession. The social anthropological project started in 2006 and even when revisited in 2019 young the situation was similar. More youngsters seem interested in the profession.

-  ‘Fixing your gaze on the sea. Young People, Knowledge and Intergenerational Relations in the Faroe Islands. 
Firouz Gaini

This paper, looking at a village community through the eyes of its youth, aims to examine and analyse the (local) knowledge, identity and intra- and intergenerational relations of people from a coastal community in time of societal shift. Focusing on the place and the sea, our question is – what is the social/cultural meaning of the sea and the coastal landscape for identity and belonging? Based on their everyday lives, family histories, and narratives of past-present-future continuities, we review young people’s sense of ‘belonging’ to place in a temporal (historic) context. This paper – at the intersection of island studies, youth studies and rural sociology – is part of the international research project ‘Valuing the past, sustaining the future. Education, knowledge and identity across three generations in coastal community’ (2016-2021). It is based on 35 qualitative biographical interviews (from 2017) with members of 13 families representing three generations. The Faroe Islands, a North Atlantic island community heavily dependent on fisheries, represent a society in transition facing similar challenges as many other islands and small-scale societies, regarding out-migration, economic restructuration and relative ‘remoteness’ (‘islandness’). This paper puts emphasis on children and young people’s reinterpretation and reinvention of the sea as point of identification in a time with strong processes of globalization and individualisation influencing youth life. The presumption of the paper is that we need to rethink the human impact on local development and societal revitalization by putting young people in focus: How do contemporary girls and boys envision the future of their islands?

Tuesday June 25, 2019 13:00 - 14:30
REC A2.06 Roeters Eiland Complex, University of Amsterdam