Wednesday, June 26 • 16:45 - 18:15
Fish for food and nutrition security for the global poor. (3)

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Chaired by: Hapke, H. & Scholtens, J.

Fish for food and nutrition security for the global poor
Joeri Scholtens
University of Amsterdam

This triple panel includes 12 papers that interrogate the significance of fish and fisheries for food and nutrition security. It builds on four ongoing research projects that aim to understand and improve the contribution of fish and fisheries to food and nutrition security. The Fish4Food project (focusing on urban poor in India and Ghana); the DriedFishMatters project (focusing on dried fish in South and South-East Asia); the SmallFishFood project (focusing on small indigenous fish in Africa) and the IKAN-F3 project (focusing on Indonesia). These projects, each with their distinct regional focus, aim to understand local-to-global fish value chains of typically underappreciated small, cheap and dried fish, and to develop greater appreciation for their vast contribution to alleviating ‘hidden hunger’ and for their provision of millions of livelihoods. This panel series creates space for sharing and discussing interim results by junior and senior researchers working in these projects.

Fish Value Chains and Governance for Food Security in Accra and Tamale, Ghana. 
Anderson Kwasi, Maarten Bavinck and Edward Onumah. 

Although small pelagic fish chains (sardinella, anchovy and mackerel) contribute strongly to the food security, health and development of poor urban consumers in developing countries, limited attention has been given to their role and development of their chains. Besides, a comprehensive analysis of governance is seldom undertaken in fish value chains in Ghana. This paper examines the governance structures and power relations in the post-harvest chains of small pelagics that may influence fish food security of poor consumers in the cities of Accra and Tamale. Using structured questionnaires, the paper collects primary data from 200 fish chain actors mainly processors, wholesalers and retailers, and interviews relevant external actors such as state and non-state institutions to generate information. The findings reveal spot market as the main governance typology dominating fish chains. However, relational governance has also emerged over time based on trust and family ties. Governance of small pelagic fish chains by institutions and associations is weak and is biased towards fish capture, and less attention given to fish as food along the post-harvest segment of the chains. Thus, governance of the post-harvest fish chain is rather weak or non-existent. This has serious food security implications for consumers. It is recommended that public and private actors should pay attention to fish chains by setting and monitoring rules and standards that are fair and easy to apply for chain actors to enhance overall chain functioning and improve fish quality. Chain actors should be encouraged to form associations to facilitate access to them.

Fish consumption behavior of low-income households in urban areas of Ghana
Edward Ebo Onumah, Benjamin Betey Campion, Maarten Bavinck 

This paper assess the fish consumption behavior of low-income households in Ghana using a three season survey data from 300 households residing in poor communities of Accra and Tamale. The study profiles the types of fish consumed and employs the multinomial logit and the Tobit models to analyse the determinants of household preferences for fish types (fresh, processed fish or both), and income allocation to fish purchase, respectively. The results reveal that small pelagic fish are popularly consumed compared to large pelagic. Share of household income allocation to fish consumption is estimated to be 27%. Region of residence, religion, fish price, education level and ease of accessibility are identified to influence the type of fish consumed. Findings further demonstrate that increase in fish price, marital status, nearness to local markets, region, season and income influence the share of household expenditure to fish consumption. The study recommends improvements in transportation and distribution systems to help bring fresh fish closer to consumers, whilst government should strengthen the pre-mix fuel subsidy policy to reduce fish prices and make fish affordable to low-income households. Development of value chains of small pelagic fish should be encouraged as they are preferred by poor households.

Casting the net wider: integrative approaches to value chain research in fisheries
Ben Belton, Derek Johnson, and the DFM team

A primary goal of the project ‘Dried Fish Matters: Mapping the Social Economy of Dried fish in South and Southeast Asia for Enhanced Wellbeing and Nutrition Security’ is to generate a transdisciplinary knowledge base on the social economy of dried fish across six Asian countries. This is the first large-scale effort of its kind on dried fish in Asia that seeks to link participants’ knowledge with that of governors and with academic research from disciplines as diverse as anthropology, biology, and nutrition. The project’s methodology has to accommodate this diversity within the project’s broader conceptual framing of economies as embedded in particular contexts and histories. To give structure to the research effort, the project critically engages with a stacked value chain methodology by drawing on insights from social wellbeing, political economy, and feminist theory, among others. Our presentation has two focuses. First, we explain how we have designed the project’s methodology to meet the challenge of conducting research on this scale with relatively limited means. Second, we discuss our efforts to integrate attention to process into the project, given its geographical and epistemological ambition.

Tale of Two Cities: Fish consumption patterns and characteristics among the low income households in coastal and inland city of South India
Amalendu Jyothisi and Joeri Scholtens

While much is known of fish production pattern and consumption at an aggregate level, there is little understanding of fish consumption behavior among the low income households in city regions. Given that fish is an important and cheap source of nutrition, this paper attempts to understand the pattern of fish consumption in two contrasting cities in South India namely Chennai (coastal city) and Bangalore (inland city). By analyzing various information collected at three different seasons from the same households, we infer about the low income household consumption behavior, purchasing characteristics including quality inferences, trust and relational aspects with the traders and pattern across various social and economic groups. We couple this analysis with the dominant fish trading characteristics in both the cities to evaluate how the coastal and inland cities characterize fish availability, accessibility, quality and stability that would have implications on the nutrition security for the low income households.

Wednesday June 26, 2019 16:45 - 18:15
REC A2.07 Roeters Eiland Complex, University of Amsterdam