Thursday, June 27 • 10:30 - 12:00
Bridging fragmented marine jurisdictions

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Chaired by: Clancy, P.

Governance and Civil Society in the Gulf of St. Lawrence
Peter Clancy

Canada’s Gulf of St. Lawrence is, by geo-political standards, a highly fragmented jurisdictional system. This can result in key policy decisions being channelled through processes that are both functionally and spatially restricted. In this sense, fragmentation can dampen the spread of public awareness and political engagement. Yet during the past thirty years, a series of environmental political issues has emerged, ranging from seal hunting, groundfish decline and oil exploration to pulp mill effluent discharge and north Atlantic right whale mortality. Each case has stimulated networks of environmental actors and increased awareness by the Gulf regional public.
What are the prospects for development of a Gulf civil society as a counter-force on such matters? There would seem to be several pre-conditions here. One is institutional, in the sense of decision-making structures that can aggregate coastal publics. Another is representational and refers to patterns of associational action that can be linked into networks. A third involves issue agendas, through which awareness is built and preferences expressed. Reviewing some key effects of Gulf environmental campaigning, this paper considers the prospects for an emergent Gulf civil society.

Proposal of a Cross-border management initiative between Spain and Portugal
Márcia Marques, Cristina Cervera-Núñez, Adriano Quintela, Lisa Sousa, Ana Silva, Fátima L. Alves, María Gómez-Ballesteros, Mónica Campillos-Llanos, Carla Murciano & Ana  Lloret 

Managing resources through national borders is always a challenge, as it is planning activities. Maritime Spatial Planning and conservation face the same challenge of mismatch between ecological and jurisdictional borders which is the reason why the European Union encourages Member States to collaborate with neighbouring countries in these matters.
Moreover, the interaction between Maritime Spatial Planning and conservation is a reciprocal process and when well developed could become a “win-win” situation.
This paper conceptualizes the creation and management of a cross-border MPA including the Spanish conservation area of Galicia Bank and the proposed area of Vigo and Vasco da Gama seamounts.
This co-management initiative should be based in the governance and administrative structures of both countries and designed in such a way that it is possible to apply effective recommendations or regulations either directly or via parallel management plans in either country.
It is also essential to evaluate the political relations between both countries in order to optimize the cooperation process, addressing proper responsibilities for the creation and management of the cross-border MPA.
For that, the creation of a joint steering committee has been identified as a keystone for a cooperative process in order to promote real action and commitment from both countries. This means further research into economic values of marine biodiversity and ecosystem services to ensure best practice planning and management of marine resources. The knowledge, development and protection of the marine habitats, especially the most valuable ecosystems, are basic strategic directions of action in the achievement of these goals.

Guidelines for including area-based fisheries management measures in Aichi Target 11 accounting
Amber Himes-Cornell

Fisheries is the only human activity that depends on both clean water and healthy ecosystems. Protection of biodiversity is a key element in this respect and marine protected areas are high on the international conservation agenda. Area-based fishery management measures, including permanent or temporary fishing closures, are heavily used by fisheries management authorities globally. They are intended to benefit the targeted fisheries for which they have been designed, but also have conservation co-benefits that are rarely assessed or accounted for. In international fora, area-based fishery management measures with demonstrated conservation co-benefits are called ‘other effective area-based conservation measures’. ‘Other effective area-based conservation measures’ may exist in many sectors operating in the oceans, but are particularly important in fisheries where they directly contribute to their sustainability. They are currently receiving international attention because their effects on biodiversity conservation are in many ways similar to those of marine protected areas and may complement them, offering a new opportunity and perspective for a more ecosystemic approach to fisheries, thus contributing to achievement of Aichi Target 11. In November 2018, the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity officially adopted a definition of and criteria for identifying ‘other effective area-based conservation measures’. It is now urgent to analyze the implications of this important decision on fisheries management. There is a great need to develop specific guidance for fisheries to facilitate the implementation of the decisions. This presentation will summarize the outcomes of a recent FAO expert workshop (May 2019) that focused on discussing and drafting such guidance. These guidelines will promote effective ecosystem approaches to fisheries management, including examples from fisheries management in a global setting and provide opportunities to further enhance the documentation of the sustainability of seafood.

Thursday June 27, 2019 10:30 - 12:00
REC A1.05 Roeters Eiland Complex, University of Amsterdam