Wednesday, June 26 • 16:45 - 18:15
Gender in Fisheries in the times of Sustainable Development Goals.

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Chaired by: Nauen, C.E. & Williams, S.

Feminization of poverty in artisanal fishing in West Africa
Aliou Sall

The trajectory of women involved in small-scale fisheries in West Africa, generally speaking, is marked by two major periods in the recent past: an earlier period when they enjoyed a high status, e.g. much higher than their peers in agriculture, and a more recent one that began about a decade ago, characterised by a gradual loss of social status and economic capacity.
During the first period, women family entrepreneurs had almost exclusive control over certain segments of the value chain even as small-scale fisheries started tapping into international markets. Their strength was the marketing of high value fresh fish and the artisanal processing sub sectors. Thanks to the revenues from these two activities and alternative savings schemes, women succeeded in establishing themselves in pivotal roles to meet the financing needs of fishermen, upstream and downstream the harvesting activities.
In the last about fifteen years, the combined effects of increasing globalization of markets with attendant technological change, poor governance of fisheries and climate change led to declining social and economic conditions in small-scale fisheries overall. Women are selectively affected by rising costs, and lack of access to technology, credit and thus market.
Examples will be discussed from Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Senegal and The Gambia presented through three lenses: (1) the basis and articulation of their former high social status, (2) indicators of changing conditions leading to selective impoverishment of women that underpin the erosion of their status, and (3) discuss a number of women-specific initiatives to cope with or adapt to this new context. The previous meta-analysis of gender issues thus warrants an update in the light of latest developments.

The fisherwoman's voice: The viewpoints and potential role of women in the conservation of Senegal's artisanal fisheries
Maxime Lambert

As Senegal's artisanal fisheries continue to bear the brunt of the numerous pressures of aquatic environmental degradation, strategies to protect and conserve the overall industry's resources turn towards sector policy reform and attempts to improve its enforcement. These pressures are engendered largely by industrial fishing vessels which are to a significant degree characterised by IUU fishing operations compounded by increasing signs of climate change and further fuelled by continued high international demand for demersal and pelagic species, which are also the maintay of local and regional consumers. The role of women and their conceptions of the issues at hand tend to attract insufficient attention despite well-intended statements to the contrary. By interviewing 11 women working in the Senegalese small-scale fishing post-harvest sector in Hann, near the capital Dakar, this study aims to illustrate their perceptions and understanding about their immediate working environment and the wider national policy context. Knowledge of this broader context seems to be limited among the younger operators and much better developed among older women. Despite individually difficult situations taking shape through the interviews, motivation to succeed in defending and improving their livelihood is strong. This snapshot picture can be still useful for informing any plans by government or other development actors intent on supporting women in the post-harvest sector in Hann. Such plans should take the women's own ambitions and expectations as the starting point. Education and life experience appear as key factors for the women's ability to understand their situation within “the bigger picture” and open alternatives to their livelihoods mostly on the borderline to poverty. A larger sample of such more fine-grained approaches can be developed into expanding the earlier meta-analysis of gender roles in small-scale fisheries.

Exploring Gender Mainstreaming for Sustainable Fisheries in Nigeria
Stella Williams

Fisheries and aquaculture as engines of growth employ men, women and youths by providing for their social and economic livelihoods. Aquaculture dates back to 1948 when the first sets of fish ponds, though experimental, were constructed in Onikan, Lagos.
This study will detail the administrative, research and management structures within which women work in fisheries. It will highlight the development of institutions in relation to gender roles and explore the contributions of men, women and youths in the achievements of the UN SDGs with particular attention to SDGs 1, 2, 5 and 14. It will also explore how gender mainstreaming can help prevent poverty, reduce hunger, improve educational outcomes and advance gender perspectives for policy development, peace and justice in Nigeria. The overall impact of these on sustainability of the sub-sectors will also be analysed. This will show that the development of the educational, economic and institutional aspects of women's social roles experienced in the last decade or more justifies expanding the previous meta-analysis.

Wednesday June 26, 2019 16:45 - 18:15
REC A1.07 Roeters Eiland Complex, University of Amsterdam