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Wednesday, June 26 • 09:00 - 10:00
Keynote: Dr. Fiona McCormack

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Precarity and saltwater environments: inequality, wealth, and opportunity in quota fisheries
Fiona McCormack

This paper considers how Individual Transferable Quota systems (ITQs) give rise to new forms of precarity in saltwater environments. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in Aotearoa/New Zealand primarily, though also in Hawaii, Iceland, and Ireland, it documents the transformation of labour practices and fishing economies, the reworking of sustainability, as well as how historic precarity is reconstituted for indigenous and coastal peoples. It then situates ITQ systems within the context of debates over growth in the Blue Economy and environmental precarity, as captured in the concept of the Anthropocene, and traces the newly imagined relationships between people and their sea at various scales (global, national, and local) as well as indicating the prevailing economic and social interests informing each. How, for instance, do ITQ fisheries mesh with the intensification of aquaculture? Or with the drive to establish marine protected areas? What tensions arise in coastal spaces as people grapple with the need to balance wealth generation with community reproduction? What instances of resistance can be observed? The paper also highlights the creative practices that emerge as people struggle to retain their ocean commons as well as carve out opportunities.


Wednesday June 26, 2019 09:00 - 10:00
REC A0.01 Roeters Eiland Complex, University of Amsterdam